Employee involvement (EI) as part of a set of high performance work system (HPWS) has successfully transformed a large number of organizations and become standard practice many new organizations today. George S. Benson (University of Texas at Arlington), Michael Kimmel (University of Texas at Arlington), and Edward E. Lawler III (CEO) review the recent research on EI and HPWS and suggest ways in which change research and theory can inform our understanding of why EI practices have fallen short of their potential.